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A new study has found a statistical association between improvements in air quality and lung function growth in children.

The research, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, measured lung function annually in 2,120 children in southern California, where air quality control policies have been gradually implemented over the past few years.

The researchers used linear regression models to examine the relationship between decreasing pollution levels and lung-function development between the ages of 11 and 15 using spirometry.

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Children living close to busy roads may have an increased risk of hyperactivity. They may also have more emotional problems, especially if they are exposed to higher levels of noise during the night, according to research carried out on children's health in Germany.

 

 Research on the negative health effects of noise on children has mainly focused on aircraft noise at school, but less is known about the impact of road traffic noise on children at home.

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Mayor’s failure to clean up London’s air pollution risks children’s health

In the 14 years I have been representing Londoners at City Hall, the problem of air pollution has rarely been off the top of the political agenda. Of all the environmental challenges the capital currently faces, air pollution is by far the most deadly.

In the year 2000, when city government was restored, we knew that exposure to air pollution was associated with serious health conditions like asthma.

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European research shows that exposure to elevated levels of air pollutants is associated with an increased risk for pneumonia before the age of 3 years, and particularly in the first year of life.

However, the researchers did not find strong evidence of a link between pollution and other respiratory infections, including otitis media and croup.

Joachim Heinrisch (German Research Centre for Environmental Health, Munich) and colleagues analyzed data from 10 birth cohorts, as part of the European Study of Cohorts of Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE) project.

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A documentary video entitled "A Breath of Air: What Pollution is Doing to Our Children" details the work of USC (Iniversity of Southern California) scientists on the health effects of air pollution on children, and also the community perspective on air pollution in the Los Angeles area.

It was produced and directed by Keren Markuze, with Andrea Hricko, a USC associate professor of preventive medicine at Keck School of Medicine as executive director, with funding from the California Air Resources Board.

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